Adapted by H. Q. Mitchell - Marileni Malkogianni

Oliver Twist
Student’s Book
by Charles Dickens adapted by H. Q. Mitchell - Marileni Malkogianni

Published by: MM Publications


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Produced in the EU

ISBN: 978-960-443-324-7 C2007008553-17892

Charles Dickens (1812-1870) is considered one of the greatest writers in the English language. He is most famous for his vivid characters and his criticism of the injustices of society. Among his best-known works are Great Expectations , David Copperfield, Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, Nicholas Nickleby and A Christmas Carol.

Dickens’ own experiences influenced his novels. His early childhood was happy. He spent a lot of time outdoors and loved to read. However, Dickens’ father went deeply into debt, and as a result was sent to the debtor’s prison, a common practice at the time. At the age of twelve young Charles went to work in a factory to help support his family. His job was pasting labels onto jars of polish. These experiences gave Dickens understanding and sympathy for the working poor. Later, in his novels, he tried to draw attention to their suffering.

When he was older Dickens began work as a law clerk, but he disliked lawyers too much to have a career in the law. Instead, he became a journalist in his early twenties. Through this work he became a writer and published his first book when he was twenty-four. He also married and had ten children.

Oliver Twist was Dickens’ second novel. He wrote it to draw attention to the social evils and injustices of his time, such as poverty, hypocrisy, and greed. Oliver is a penniless orphan in 1830s England. How he is treated by various people reveals a lot about his society. He is frequently mistreated by those who are only interested in their own gain. However, other people show Oliver kindness and compassion. Through the lives of his characters, Dickens shows the importance of love towards one’s fellow man, whether rich or poor.

Oliver Twist has inspired a lot of film and television adaptations the earliest of which was a silent film back in 1909. A very successful British musical, Oliver!, has also been based on the book.

  1. Chapter 1............................................................. 4
  2. Chapter 2............................................................. 8
  3. Chapter 3........................................................... 12
  4. Chapter 4........................................................... 16
  5. Chapter 5........................................................... 20
  6. Chapter 6........................................................... 24
  7. Chapter 7........................................................... 28
  8. Chapter 8........................................................... 32
  9. Chapter 9........................................................... 36
  10. Chapter 10.......................................................... 41
  11. Chapter 11.......................................................... 44
  12. Chapter 12.......................................................... 48
  13. Activity Section
  14. Chapter 1........................................................... 56
  15. Chapter 2........................................................... 58
  16. Chapter 3........................................................... 60
  17. Chapter 4........................................................... 62
  18. Chapter 5........................................................... 64
  19. Chapter 6........................................................... 66
  20. Chapter 7........................................................... 68
  21. Chapter 8........................................................... 70
  22. Chapter 9........................................................... 72
  23. Chapter 10.......................................................... 74
  24. Chapter 11.......................................................... 76
  25. Chapter 12.......................................................... 78
chapter 1

Somewhere in England there was a small town, which was much like all the other small towns around the year 1830. In the middle of this town was a building called the workhouse. It was a plain brick building for very poor people. Here they could find shelter or food if they were starving, but only the hungriest and most desperate went there. In the workhouse, a baby boy had just been born. It wasn’t clear if the baby would live, because he was having trouble breathing. But after a struggle, the baby breathed, sneezed, and then started to cry as loud as he could. A young woman raised her pale face from the pillow. In a low voice she said: “Let me see the child, and then die.” “Oh, you must not talk of dying yet!” said the doctor kindly, as he took the baby and gave him to his mother. She kissed her son’s forehead with her cold lips. The doctor saw that she was very weak, and left the room to get some more medicine. Meanwhile, the young woman took a gold locket from around her neck, and gave it to the nurse. “This is the only thing I own,” she said. “You must give it to my son when he is older.” Then she took one last look at her baby, shivered, and fell back – dead! Curious, the nurse looked at the locket. She opened it, and saw two locks of hair, and a gold wedding ring. The name “Agnes” was written inside the ring, but there was no last name. When she heard the doctor returning, she quickly dropped the gold locket into her pocket. “It is all over,” the doctor said, after a glance at the young mother. “She was a good-looking woman. Who was she? Where did she come from?” “She was found lying in the street last night,” replied the nurse. “Her shoes were worn out from walking. But we don’t know her name, or where she came from, or where she was going.” The nurse didn’t say anything about the gold locket in her pocket.

The matron of the workhouse picked two letters from the alphabet, O and T, and named the boy Oliver Twist. If the baby had known what his life would be like at the workhouse, he would probably have cried even louder. He was just one of many babies born there, often without names. The government gave the matron, Mrs Corney, a little money to feed each child. But Mrs Corney liked money much more than she liked the miserable children and she kept most of the money for herself. By the time Oliver was ten years old, he was very thin and short, with a pale but sweet face. One day Mrs Corney called him to speak to him. “You know you’re an orphan – that you have no father or mother, and that you have been brought up by us here?” “Yes ma’am,” said Oliver, shaking with fear. “You must be taught a useful trade,” said the matron. “Tomorrow morning, you will begin picking oakum.” Picking oakum was taking apart old ropes from ships, so that the fibres could be reused. It was very hard work and Oliver’s back hurt and his hands were covered in blisters all the time.

Working all day meant that Oliver was even hungrier by dinner time. However, Mrs Corney had found another way to save money. This was to add a lot of water to the soup. Every day each boy in the orphanage was only allowed one bowl of that watery soup. Oliver was starving. He picked up his empty bowl and went to the cook. “Please sir, I want some more,” he said. The whole room fell silent. “What!” the cook finally said, angrily. Nobody had ever dared ask for more. “Please sir,” replied Oliver, “I want some more.” The man couldn’t say a word. He hit Oliver on the head with the ladle and rushed out to Mrs Corney’s office. “Ungrateful child!” shouted the matron when she was informed about the incident. “That boy will be hanged one day. Lock him up in the basement!” It was also decided that Oliver would be sent to work as an apprentice. Mrs Corney wanted him away from the workhouse as soon as possible. The boy, however, had other plans – he was going to run away to London.

chapter 2

o ne cold morning Oliver got up very early and left the workhouse. Looking back from time to time, he walked quickly and did not stop for five miles. He had only a penny and a piece of bread, but he didn’t care. In London a boy could earn his own living. London was seventy miles away, but Oliver kept walking. When night came, he went into a meadow and slept under a hay-stack. The next few days were the same. Oliver’s penny bought him one small loaf, but soon he was hungry again. The only food he had eaten in days was some bread and cheese a kind old woman had given him. On the seventh day, Oliver came to a little town. His feet were bleeding and they were covered in dust. Exhausted, he sat down on a step. Hours later, when he looked up, he saw a rather strange boy standing in front of him. He was about thirteen, short for his age, and very dirty. He wore a man’s hat and coat, and although he was young, he looked like he knew how to take care of himself. He spoke to Oliver. “Hello my covey! What’s the row?” Oliver didn’t understand, but he guessed the boy was asking how he was. “I am very hungry and tired,” said Oliver. “I have been walking for seven days.” Tears came into his eyes as he spoke. “Walking for seven days!” exclaimed the boy. “Well, you need to eat. I haven’t got much money, but it’s enough for some food, my friend. As for my name, they call me the Artful Dodger.” After the Artful Dodger had bought some ham and bread, he asked Oliver where he was going. When he said he was going to London, he asked if he had anywhere to stay there. Oliver said no. “I know a respectable old gentleman there who will give you a place to live, and food to eat, and not ask for any money at all,” the Dodger said. Oliver had not slept under a roof for a week, so this offer sounded good to him. When they got to London, the Dodger led Oliver along a narrow, muddy street with old and dirty houses.

Oliver didn’t like that place at all, but then his companion pushed open the door of one of the houses, pulled Oliver in, and called out: “Plummy and slam!” This seemed to be a secret code, because an unseen voice told them to enter. The room was black with age and dirt and an old man was cooking sausages in a corner. He had unwashed red hair and was wearing a dirty old shirt. The table was set for dinner, and there was also a large pile of purses on it. “Fagin,” said the Dodger to the old man, “This is my new friend, Oliver Twist.” “We are very glad to see you, Oliver, very,” said Fagin, and smiled. They had dinner together. Fagin seemed to like the Artful Dodger very much, and praised him for being a hard worker. Oliver realised this was because the Dodger had brought home the pile of purses on the table. The Dodger must make purses, he thought. Oliver asked if he could learn how to make purses, too. For some reason, Fagin and the Dodger laughed very hard. “Certainly, my dear Oliver. In a few days, the Dodger will show you how.” Some days later, the Dodger and Oliver set off for a rich part of London. The Dodger walked very slowly, looking around. He didn’t seem very keen to get to work. Then, as they entered a square, he suddenly grabbed Oliver’s arm and pointed. “Do you see that old man by the bookstall?” Oliver looked and saw an old gentleman reading a book. “He’ll do,” said the Dodger. Oliver had no idea what he was talking about. The Dodger slowly walked towards the old gentleman. Watching in amazement, Oliver saw the Dodger put his hand into the gentleman’s pocket, and pull out a purse, which he then put into his own pocket! Busy reading his book, the man took no notice of what had happened. Suddenly Oliver understood everything. His new friends, Fagin and the Dodger, were thieves and pickpockets! Shocked, Oliver turned and ran. At the same instant, the old man by the bookstall put his hand in his pocket and realised that his purse was missing. When he saw Oliver running, he cried out “Stop thief!”

chapter 3

A s soon as the people nearby heard the cry “Stop thief!” they started chasing poor Oliver. Oliver ran as fast as he could and the people ran after him. Finally, someone knocked him down, and he fell to the ground bleeding. “The boy is hurt!” said the old gentleman, bending over Oliver. “Hurt or not, I will take him to the police magistrate,” said a policeman who had just arrived at the scene. “You must come with us, sir,” he told the old gentleman. The Artful Dodger was nowhere to be seen. “So this is the young thief,” the police magistrate said. “It was not me, sir,” Oliver said desperately, “It was someone else.” But the magistrate ignored him. “Are you the person who was robbed?” he asked the old gentleman. The old gentleman looked at Oliver. The boy was pale and scared, but he did not look guilty. “Yes, I am,” he said, “but I am not sure that this is the boy who took the purse.” He kept wondering, “Where have I seen this face before? There is something very familiar about it!” Then suddenly, the owner of the bookstall rushed in. “You have the wrong boy!” he shouted, out of breath from running. “I saw the thief!” “Then this child did not commit the crime!” the old gentleman said, relieved. But at that moment Oliver fainted. “He is ill!” the old gentleman cried. “He needs a doctor!” The police magistrate allowed the old gentleman, whose name was Mr Brownlow, to take Oliver to his house to take care of him. Mr Brownlow was a retired lawyer. He had never married and he lived alone, enjoying the company of books and old friends. Every room in his house contained paintings and other things that he had collected through a long and interesting life. Oliver was carried into one of these rooms, and a doctor came to examine him. “You are safe now,” said Mr Brownlow. “Rest until you feel

better.” Oliver was surprised to hear a kind voice. Mr Brownlow ordered some hot soup for Oliver. “You must be hungry,” he said. The soup was thick and rich. Oliver thought that one bowl of that soup could feed a dozen orphans in the workhouse, with enough water added to it. After Oliver had rested, he began to notice the room he was in. It was a comfortable room, full of paintings. One was the portrait of a young woman. She was very pretty, and she looked kind and loving. “But her eyes are so sad,” thought Oliver, “they make me sad too.” Just then, Mr Brownlow entered, and saw Oliver’s face beside the face in the portrait. Oliver’s eyes, head, mouth, and in fact his whole face, and even his expression, was an exact copy of the woman’s face in the painting! “Good heavens!” cried out Mr Brownlow. “What’s this!” Oliver, at these words, collapsed again. Mr Brownlow quickly went over to him. “The boy is still very weak, and I must not worry him by asking too many questions. But I wonder what his story is,” Mr Brownlow thought, as he tried to bring Oliver round. He also decided to take the painting down so as not to upset Oliver again. As the days went by, Oliver became healthier than he had ever been. He appreciated Mr Brownlow’s help and he wanted to be useful to the kind old man in any way he could. One day Mr Brownlow needed to return some books to the bookseller, and Oliver asked to be allowed to take them back, since he knew the place. Mr Brownlow didn’t want to let him out of the house on his own, but he finally agreed. Oliver happily set out with the books. As he approached the square, however, he saw a young woman walking towards him. Suddenly she cried out: “My brother! My poor, dear darling brother!” She threw her arms around him tightly and she cried, “You naughty boy! How could you run away?” “I am not your brother!” Oliver tried to say, but he could not get out of the woman’s arms. She dragged him down another street, and then into a house. In the dark, he saw his old friends waiting for him, Fagin and the Artful Dodger!

chapter 4

“Welcome back, dear Oliver,” Fagin said mockingly. “Thank you for bringing him home again, Nancy,” he added to the young woman who had kidnapped Oliver. Nancy was about twenty and very pretty. Like the Artful Dodger, she had been one of Fagin’s pupils. She was very good at lying and deceiving people. Oliver knew he was in trouble, but spoke up bravely. “Please let me return these books! I owe this to Mr Brownlow. He took me in, and fed me, and was so good to me. Keep me here with you forever, but let me take them back! He will think I have stolen them!” “No, it took a lot of effort to find you and bring you back, and I shall keep the books as payment,” Fagin said. Before Oliver could reply, there was a call of “Plummy and slam!” “Open the door, Nancy, dear,” Fagin said. “And Oliver, you sit in the corner and don’t make any trouble. Or Bill Sikes will deal with you!” He laughed nastily, pointing at the door. Bill Sikes was thirty-five, a big, strong man. His trousers were muddy, and he wore a dirty handkerchief around his neck. A white dog, with his face scratched and torn in twenty places, was following him. “Hurry up!” Sikes said to the dog, and gave him a kick. “Good day, Bill dear,” said Fagin in a friendly tone to this unpleasant man. “Very cold day, isn’t it?” “Yes,” said Sikes unpleasantly, “as cold as your heart.” “Hush now, Mr Sikes,” Fagin said gently. Mr Sikes was in a very bad temper. He was a professional burglar who often worked with Fagin, so they began to discuss a house burglary that Sikes had been planning. “There’s a big problem,” said Sikes. “We’ve got nobody to help us from the inside. The servants are all very loyal to their mistress.” “That is unfortunate,” said Fagin. “But isn’t there another way

to break in? Remember, the precious gold plate is in there!” “There is a way,” Sikes said, “but I will need a boy. A small boy will be able to crawl through a window and unlock the door for us.” “That is no problem at all dear,” Fagin said, looking at Oliver. “I have the perfect boy for the job!” Oliver realised that Fagin meant him. Terrified, he jumped up and ran to the door, banging on it and screaming for help. Bill Sikes’ dog got to his feet, growling. “Keep the dog back, Bill!” Nancy said suddenly, taking Bill Sikes’ arm. “He’ll tear the boy to pieces!” “That would serve him right!” Sikes shouted. “Let go of my arm or you’ll be very sorry!” Nancy usually obeyed Sikes, but not now. With Oliver, she felt something she had not felt for a long time: pity for someone who was weak. She shouted at Sikes. “No! You’ll have to kill me first!” Fagin and the Dodger dragged Oliver back to his chair. “So you thought you would get away, didn’t you,” Fagin said to him, picking up a club. Nancy let go of Sikes and grabbed the club. “No! I brought the boy here, but I won’t let you hurt him!” she cried. “You’ll make him a thief and a liar, just like you made me. Isn’t that bad enough?” And saying this, Nancy burst into tears. Sikes seized Nancy roughly and she fainted. Now, Oliver didn’t have any chance to escape. They kept him locked in the house. He kept thinking of Mr Brownlow. If only he could find him again!

chapter 5

Meanwhile, mr Brownlow waited for Oliver to return. As the time passed however, he realised that Oliver was not coming home. He finally got up, and went to look at the painting that he had put away after Oliver had fainted. Lost in thought, he looked into the woman’s eyes. Long ago in his youth he had a close friend, Edwin Leeford. Edwin had fallen in love with a young woman, and the couple planned to marry. Then one of Edwin’s relatives in Italy had died suddenly, leaving him a lot of money and he had to go there for his inheritance. Before he left, he brought the painting of his fiancée to Mr Brownlow, asking him to take good care of it while he was away. Sadly, however, Edwin never returned. He caught a fever in Italy and died. What happened to his young fiancée was a mystery. Mr Brownlow had tried to find her, but she had disappeared. It was this woman who looked so much like Oliver. Was Oliver the key to the mystery? Mr Brownlow decided to do his best to find out. So he made a poster, offering a reward to anyone who could tell him anything about Oliver Twist. He put this poster up around London and in nearby towns, too. Then one day, a woman came to the door, saying she had information about Oliver. Unfortunately, the woman was Mrs Corney from the workhouse, who disliked Oliver so much that she made him sound very bad. She ended by saying how rude and ungrateful he had been to her by running away. Mr Brownlow was disappointed. He put five pounds on the table. “Thank you for your information,” he said, “but I would have given twice as much to hear something good about the boy!” If Mrs Corney had known this before, she might have told a different story. But it was too late for that now. Mr Brownlow was very upset, and he wondered if Oliver was a bad person after all, and not worth his attention. Oliver, meanwhile, was taking a journey with Bill Sikes. Sikes had taken the boy along to help with the burglary he had planned.

After travelling all day, they came to a small village outside London. Sikes wrapped a dark shawl round his neck and put on a black cloak. He took a heavy bag with tools and at about one-thirty in the morning, they set out in the darkness. Oliver was terrified when he saw the house that was their target. He started walking more slowly. Sikes realised that he was hesitating, and he pulled out his pistol and pointed it at him: “Go on, or I’ll shoot you.” Trembling, Oliver crossed the lawn with Sikes. Sikes took an iron bar and quietly forced open a small window. The opening was too small for a man, but Oliver could fit through it easily. “Now listen,” whispered Sikes. “Take this lantern, go up the stairs in front of you, along the hall, and then unlock the front door and let me in. And keep quiet!” he added with a threatening look. “Do you understand?” “Yes,” Oliver said, as Sikes lifted him through the window.

“Sssh! I heard something!” Sikes suddenly said. “No, it’s nothing,” he said a while later. “Let’s get to work!” Oliver was now in the house, trying to get used to the darkness around him. Suddenly Sikes cried aloud: “Back! Back!” Startled, Oliver saw a light at the top of the stairs, and two men. There was a flash – a loud noise – smoke – a crash somewhere, and he went back to the window. Sikes pulled him out. “Blood! They shot you!” He said. “We’ve got to get out of here!” As they fled from the house, Oliver heard shouts and shots from guns, and he realised that he was being carried away. Then a cold deadly feeling crept over him, and he lost consciousness. Sikes ran as fast as he could, but carrying Oliver slowed him down. Behind him, he saw the men chasing him. They seemed to be coming closer. He dropped Oliver in a ditch and covered him with his cloak. Then he ran as fast as he could.

Chapter 6

The morning was cold and wet. A mist lay on the fields, and the rain fell softly. Oliver lay in the ditch half awake, his arm broken. He tried to get up, but he was dizzy and he fell down again. He had a feeling that if he didn’t move, he would die. So he rose, feeling like he was in a dream. He crossed the fields and came to a road. Further down he saw a house. Oliver decided to go there for help. It wasn’t until he got close to the house that he realised it was the same house he had broken into! Terrified, Oliver thought of running away. But he had no strength left to run, so he forced himself to go forward and knock on the door. Then he collapsed. Inside, the people of the house had been awake since the breakin. Two of the servants sat in the kitchen with their guns on the table. There was also the mistress of the house, Mrs Maylie, an elderly widow, and a beautiful young woman called Rose. Rose was an orphan whom Mrs Maylie had adopted. When they heard the knock, they all jumped with fright. Finally, they agreed to all go and see who was at the door so early in the morning. When they opened it, they saw Oliver lying on the step. “It is a child!” cried Rose. “He is hurt; we must help him!” “Wait!” cried one of the servants. “That is the boy who was with the burglars!” Mrs Maylie said: “Nevertheless, he is very young, and he is very ill. We must help him first and find out his story later.” Oliver was carried to a warm room and put to bed. He was exhausted and fell into a deep sleep. Rose and Mrs Maylie stayed by his bed. “What are we going to do?” Rose asked. “The boy can’t be a criminal! He is too young!” Mrs Maylie sighed. “The young as well as the old can die, and the young as well as the old can be criminals.” “Perhaps the robbers forced him to come with them,” Rose

said. “Perhaps he never had a mother to love or protect him! Is it right for us to send him to prison, where he will meet worse people? Think of me! I was an orphan, but you took me in and raised me like your own child. But if you hadn’t, I might have been in the same position as this boy.” As she said this, Rose began to cry. Mrs Maylie took Rose in her arms and held her. “My dear girl,” she said, “I wouldn’t harm a hair on his head.” At that moment Oliver woke up. Slowly he told Rose and Mrs Maylie his story about the workhouse, the thieves, Mr Brownlow, and finally about the robbery. When he finished he was so tired that he fell asleep. “Do you believe his story?” Rose asked Mrs Maylie. “I do,” she replied, “but a policeman might not believe it. So I think we should not tell the police about Oliver. We’ll just take care of him till he is better.” Oliver needed a lot of care to get well. In addition to his broken arm, he had caught a fever after lying outside in the rain. But slowly he felt stronger, and the first thing he did was to thank Rose. “Oh, you will have many chances to thank me,” Rose said. “I will be glad to do something for you,” Oliver said. Oliver liked living with Rose and Mrs Maylie. They liked to read books and play music, or just talk and laugh together. Rose offered to teach Oliver to read, and he agreed. Surrounded by happiness and love, Oliver thought less and less of his old life with Fagin, the Artful Dodger, Nancy and Sikes.

Chapter 7

Two days after the burglary, Sikes had not yet come to see Fagin, so Fagin went to his house. Nancy answered the door. “Bill was here last night,” she told Fagin, “but he left this morning, and I don’t know where he went.” “Was Oliver with him?” Fagin asked. Nancy said no. “He lost the boy! That stupid, useless fool!” Fagin cried, suddenly very angry. Nancy looked at him. “Are you worried about Oliver?” she asked. “I think he is better off dead than he is with you. And I hope I shall never see him again.” She looked in Fagin’s eyes. “His innocence reminds me of how wicked I am, and how wicked you are, too.” Fagin looked at her angrily. “I don’t like your attitude,” he told Nancy. “And tell Sikes he must find the boy, otherwise he’s in trouble!” “Why is that?” Nancy wondered. “I’ll tell you,” roared Fagin. “Oliver Twist is worth hundreds of pounds to me, and now maybe - ” Fagin stopped suddenly. Quickly he said goodbye to Nancy and told her to let him know immediately if she saw Oliver. Nancy was curious. Why was Oliver worth hundreds of pounds to Fagin? She felt that a big secret surrounded the boy, so she put on her bonnet and shawl and followed Fagin. Fagin reached home and he was opening his door, when a man in a black cloak came out of the shadows and tapped him on the shoulder. Fagin jumped with fright. Then he recognised the man. “Monks dear,” he said, “I am sorry if I kept you waiting.” “Hurry up and let me in,” the man called Monks ordered Fagin. “I must talk to you in private.” He looked nervous and kept looking over his shoulder. Fagin opened the door and went ahead into the dark house. Monks followed him, and the door suddenly slammed shut

behind them. “Is there anyone else here?” asked Monks. “No one but ourselves. That must have been the wind,” said Fagin, returning with a candle. “Then tell me,” hissed Monks. “Is it true that Oliver Twist escaped?” Fagin looked worried. “It was an accident. Sikes had no idea how important he was.” “I pay you hundreds of pounds,”shouted Monks, “and still you let that cursed boy get away! I told you, he must not be seen or recognised by anyone! Why couldn’t you keep him locked up in here?” “He is not like the other boys,” Fagin replied. “He thinks stealing is wrong, and so he keeps trying to run away from us. I had to force him to do one very bad thing, to make him one of us. Then he would not try to run away anymore, because he would be afraid of the police.” “You must find him immediately and bring him back,” said Monks firmly. “Where was he last seen?” “At a house owned by a family called Maylie,” said Fagin. “Sikes left him in a field close by. He cannot have gone very far.” “I will go there myself, and look for him,” said Monks. “I will find everyone who knows anything about him, and—” Suddenly he jumped to his feet. “What’s that? You said there was no one else here!” “There isn’t,” Fagin said, getting up. “What did you see?” “A shadow on the wall,”said Monks, trembling with fear. “A woman in a bonnet and shawl!” “Impossible,” said Fagin, “but we can search the house.” So they did, but they found no one. Monks was puzzled. “I must have imagined it”, he finally said and left.

Chapter 8

O ne cloudy summer day, Mrs Corney set off to an appointment. The neighbourhood she went to was one of the worst in London. It was close to the river, and the houses were filthy. Nobody went there except the worst criminals who needed a place to hide. Mrs Corney stopped in front of an old factory built over the river. As she knocked on the door, thunder roared and it began to rain. Monks opened the door. “Let us get straight down to business,” he said. “You know something about the nurse who was with Oliver Twist’s mother the day she died. What is it? Here, take twenty-five pounds.” The thunder shook the old building. When the noise stopped, Mrs Corney began. “Some weeks ago, the nurse died. On her deathbed, she confessed that she had stolen something from Oliver’s mother.” Monks listened eagerly. “A gold locket. The mother asked the nurse to give it to her son, but the nurse decided to sell it instead. Before she died, she told me her secret because she felt guilty. I found the locket and got it back. Here it is!” Mrs Corney pulled out the little gold locket and put it on the table. Monks seized it. “Don’t move,” he told Mrs Corney. Then he suddenly reached down to the floor and opened a trapdoor onto the river below. Monks dropped the locket through the trapdoor into the black, fast-moving water. “There,” Monks said. “The sea will keep this secret safe. We do not need to worry about it anymore.” Back at Mrs Maylie’s house, the happy days continued. The weather was warm, and the hills and woods were green. Oliver went out early every morning and collected pretty flowers for Rose. She was always delighted when she saw them and Oliver loved her praise. After all, nobody had ever praised him for anything before. For those three months, Oliver felt like he lived in paradise. One beautiful summer evening, Rose, Oliver and Mrs Maylie went for a long walk. When they returned, Rose went to the piano

to play a song for them. To their surprise, she played a very sad tune. “Rose, are you alright?” Mrs Maylie asked. “Oh yes!” Rose said, trying to laugh. “I will play something happy now.” Then suddenly she burst into tears. “I am sorry!” she said. “I tried not to show it, but I am afraid I feel very ill.” Mrs Maylie told Rose to go to bed immediately, and Oliver hoped she would feel better in the morning. But the next morning Rose was much worse. She had a very bad fever and Mrs Maylie was very worried. “I must stay with her,” she said. “Oliver, you must go to town without delay and bring the doctor. And please post this letter to my son, Harry, in London. He must come at once!” Oliver ran as fast as he could. When he reached the town, he gave the doctor the address, and felt a little better when he saw him start for the house at once. Then he went to the post office to send the letter. After that, as he was running back home, he accidentally ran into a man in a long black cloak. “There you are, you little monster!” the man shouted. “Sorry, sir,” Oliver said quickly. “I am in a hurry.” But the man still seemed very angry. “I should kill you! What are you doing here?” he shouted, and walked towards Oliver. Oliver was frightened. He had never seen this strange man before. Why did he want to kill him? But before he could do anything, the man fell down in a fit. Oliver ran away as fast as he could. When he got home, he forgot what had happened, because he was very concerned about Rose. The doctor told Oliver and Mrs Maylie that the girl might not survive the night. What a terrible night that was! Nobody did anything, they just sat and waited. Oliver was so afraid that he could not speak. In the early morning the doctor came in.“It is alright,” he said gently. “The fever has gone down and Rose will be alright.” It was the best news Oliver had ever heard.

Chapter 9

Oliver felt such joy that he almost couldn’t bear it. Rose was going to live, and even the sun seemed to shine brighter because of it. He went out and picked the biggest bunch of flowers for her that he ever had. As he returned to the house, he saw a carriage pulling up. A young man jumped out. “Is she better or worse?” he cried. “Better, much better!” Oliver said, happy to give good news. He saw his own joy reflected in the young man’s face. He was about twenty-three, tall and handsome. Oliver realised that this was Mrs Maylie’s son, Harry, whom he had posted the letter to. Harry stayed with them waiting for Rose to recover. He insisted on coming with Oliver to pick flowers for Rose. Oliver liked him, and he noticed Rose did too. She never threw out the flowers that Harry brought, but kept them even after they had dried out. Indeed, most people who met Harry liked him. He planned to become a politician and be elected to Parliament. Those who knew him agreed that he would probably succeed very soon. Day by day, Rose became stronger. But Oliver noticed that sometimes she looked unhappy. Harry noticed this too, and he spoke to his mother about it. “I must talk to Rose,” he said. “I love her. I’ve wanted to tell her so all my life, but I was waiting till I became rich or famous or successful. But now I see how foolish it is to wait. If she had – I can’t say the word – if she had not gotten better, I would have lost my chance forever. You can’t imagine how I suffered, thinking of that!” Mrs Maylie was quiet. “I suppose you have suffered,” she finally said. “You suppose I have!” cried Harry. “How can you doubt it! I did – I did – you must know it!” “Listen, Harry, Rose deserves someone who will love her all her life,” Mrs Maylie replied. “You think you like her right now. But after you are elected to Parliament, you will meet many beautiful

and interesting women. You may regret marrying someone like Rose, who is a poor orphan and used to a simple life. If you change your mind, you will break her heart.” “I would never regret it,” exclaimed Harry, hurt by the idea. “I will talk to her. I am sure she feels the same way I do.” And so Harry went to Rose, and asked to speak with her. “I think you know what I am going to say,” he began. “You know how I feel when I am around you, even though I have not put it into words.” Rose knew. A tear fell from her eye. “I came here because of a terrible fear, the worst I have ever known,” Harry continued. “It was the fear of losing the woman whom I have loved my whole life. You were dying, and all my hopes and dreams were dying with you. And then, like a miracle, you began to get better. As your health returned, the world became beautiful to me again. Rose, dear Rose, I love you! I have loved you ever since we were children.” “You have always been kind and good to me,” said Rose, filled with emotion. “Please hear my answer, and don’t think I am ungrateful.” “Your answer is that I may try to deserve you, isn’t it, Rose?” Harry said eagerly. “My answer is that you must forget me,” Rose said. “I cannot marry you, because there is a scandal connected with my family.” “But Rose,” said Harry, “A scandal doesn’t matter to me! I love you!” “It does matter,” said Rose, “because people gossip. Everybody says you will soon be elected to Parliament. Many people will support you, but others will be jealous and try to disgrace you. If I marry you, they will learn of my past and use it against you.” “I don’t understand,” said Harry. So Rose told him her story. “My mother died shortly after I was born. I had one sister, who was much older than me. When I was five years old, and my sister was about nineteen, she met a man who was living in the country. He was quiet and didn’t have many friends, but my sister got along well with him. Soon, they fell in love. They planned to marry, but then my sister’s fiancé had to go abroad suddenly. There he died

of a fever. To make things worse, a woman came to visit my father and sister. She told them that she was that man’s wife and they had a son! Naturally, my sister was devastated. Then she discovered she was going to have a child. One night she ran away and we never saw her again. My father died shortly after that, believing she had killed herself.” Rose paused after telling this sad story. “You see, I cannot be the wife of a politician, Harry. People will talk about my family’s past!” Harry knew he couldn’t change Rose’s mind, so finally he said, “I will leave now, but, I will come back later and see if you still feel the same.” Early the next morning, Harry left for London. Afterwards, Oliver found Rose alone, crying bitterly. She tried to smile when she saw him, but she still looked unhappy and restless. Oliver did not know what to do, but fortunately he soon thought of a new project. This was to go to London to find Mr Brownlow and apologise to him. Rose agreed enthusiastically, and they set off for the city.

Capter 10

Back in London, Bill Sikes was sick and Nancy was taking care of him. She didn’t have any money, so she had to ask Fagin. She sat down to talk to him, when there was a cry of “Plummy and Slam!” It was Monks’ voice! While Fagin went to the door, Nancy took off her bonnet and shawl and hid them under the table. Fagin showed Monks in and the two men went into another room to talk privately. As soon as the door closed, Nancy crept close and listened at the keyhole. They were talking about Oliver! After a few minutes she had heard all she wanted. When Monks left, Nancy persuaded Fagin to give her some money to buy food and she set off for home. On her way there, she thought of a plan. Nancy knew how angry Sikes could get if he knew what she was going to do. She poured Sikes a drink, putting a drug in it and when he was asleep, she left the house. She headed for the hotel that Monks had mentioned. The hotel was for wealthy people and Nancy was embarrassed because she was poor and shabby. But she walked bravely up to the doorman and asked for Miss Rose Maylie. “Tell her I must speak to her alone”, she said. She tried to ignore the servants who were making fun of her clothes. Rose agreed to see Nancy when she said that she had information about Oliver. She showed her into a private room and greeted her

respectfully. Nancy was touched by her kindness. “Do you know a man called Monks?” Nancy began. Rose did not. “Well, he knows you,” she continued, “and he also knows Oliver. Oliver is not the poor orphan you think he is! Monks knows Oliver’s true identity, but he is trying to hide it.” Nancy paused. “I was an orphan too, but I had only criminals to care for me. My life is ruined, but I hope Oliver can be happier than I was.” “Please tell me what you know,” Rose said kindly, “and I will help you in any way I can.” “This is what I heard Monks say,” said Nancy. “First he called Oliver his brother. Then he said that he had destroyed the only proof of Oliver’s identity. This was a gold locket that belonged to Oliver’s mother.” Rose listened in astonishment. “There’s more,” said Nancy. “Monks said that now he could keep all of Oliver’s money. That’s all I know, and I don’t understand it, but I am sure it is the truth.” She paused. “Monks has been following you. He knows where you live and where you are now. That’s how I found you.” “I am glad you told me this,” Rose said, “but I don’t know what to do about it. I must think it over. Can you come and see me again?” “I don’t dare come back here,” Nancy said. “The thieves will be very angry if they find out what I have told you.” Even now she felt afraid. “But I will take a walk on London Bridge at eleven o’clock every night. You can find me there. Now I must go.” “One more thing,” Rose said. “You don’t have to go back to those criminals. Stay here with me, and I will keep you safe!” Tears came to Nancy’s eyes. “I cannot,” she said. “The people I live with may frighten you, but they are the only family I have”. She said goodbye quickly and ran home through the dark streets. Rose didn’t sleep that night. She wondered what she should do next. Morning came, and still Rose did not know what to do. Then Oliver came running in, terribly excited. “I saw him!” he said, out of breath. “Saw who?” Rose asked, surprised. “Mr Brownlow!” cried Oliver. “He was getting out of a coach, and going into a house! Oh, I am so happy to see him again! I want to talk to him as soon as possible.”

Chapter 11

Rose suddenly decided what she would do. She would tell Mr Brownlow what Nancy had said. He was a good man and he had been kind to Oliver. He would help them. Immediately, they set off for his house. Oliver waited in the coach while Rose went to talk to Mr Brownlow. She was shown into a comfortable room, where the old gentleman sat, reading a book. He rose quickly and greeted Rose, quite surprised by her visit. “What I have to say may surprise you,” Rose said, “but you once showed great kindness to a young friend of mine, and I thought you would like to hear about him again. His name is Oliver Twist!” Rose told Mr Brownlow about the burglary and how Oliver had come to her and Mrs Maylie. Then, she told him what Nancy had said. To her surprise, Mr Brownlow seemed to understand exactly what she was talking about! “When I first saw Oliver,” he explained, “I thought he might be connected with a mystery from my past. What you have said confirms my suspicions.” “Do you know this man Monks, then?” Rose asked. “I do,” said Mr Brownlow, “although that is not his real name. We must find him and discover what he knows about Oliver. Nancy will be able to help us. I will come with you tonight when you go to meet her.” At Fagin’s place, Nancy was very nervous and only thought of her next meeting with Rose Maylie. Fagin noticed that she looked at the clock often, and knew that something was going on. “She is going to meet someone,” he thought to himself. Fagin called one of his boys and asked him to follow Nancy. At a quarter to eleven, she started for London Bridge. The boy followed in the shadows. He saw Nancy meet a young woman and an old gentleman on the bridge. The old gentleman asked her about Monks and then

he asked her where he could be found. Nancy described Fagin’s place, but asked that the other thieves not be arrested. “They may be wicked people,” she said, “but they are all I have.” The young lady and the gentleman promised to leave the other thieves alone. The young woman asked Nancy to return with them, but she refused. Finally, they left Nancy on the bridge, and went on their way. The boy saw Nancy return home. Quickly he went to Fagin’s house, and told him what he had heard. Fagin didn’t sleep that night. It did not matter to him that Nancy had asked for mercy for him and Sikes. He did not trust her. He was full of anger and hatred. Then he heard the password, “Plummy and slam!” It was Sikes. Fagin looked at him with an evil smile. “Bill,” he said, pointing to where the Dodger lay asleep, “if that boy was going to give us up to the police, what would you do?” The word “police” made Sikes furious. “I’d kill him!” Fagin smiled again. “And what if I did it,” he asked. “What would you do if I did it?” “You!” said Sikes in disgust. “I would smash your head.” Suddenly Fagin jumped up and screamed in Sikes face. “Well, it’s not me, and it’s not the Dodger – it’s Nancy who has betrayed us!” Sikes stared at him, shocked, and then he rushed out of the door.When he got home, Nancy was still in bed. “Get up!” he said rudely. He grabbed her by the throat and dragged her across the room. “Did you think I wouldn’t find out?” he screamed. “You were followed!” “Listen to me!” cried Nancy, “We have both been wicked people, but we can change! Think of it! We could go to a foreign country, far from here, and start a new life!” Sikes grabbed his pistol. Then he realised the shot would be heard and with all his strength he beat the barrel against Nancy’s face. She fell to her knees, and then Sikes lifted a club and struck her down.

Chapter 12

Of all the crimes committed in London that night, Sikes had committed the worst. The sun rose slowly and it shone through Sikes’ window onto Nancy’s dead body. Sikes realised the dreadful thing he had done. He could not bear to look at Nancy, so he ran away and disappeared. A day after the murder, a coach pulled up at Mr Brownlow’s house. Mr Brownlow got out with a man in a black cloak – Monks – following him. “How dare you kidnap me off the street!” Monks protested. “I know that you are partly responsible for the death of a woman called Nancy,” Mr Brownlow replied sternly. “If you don’t come with me, and tell me everything you know about Oliver Twist, I will give you up to the police! And then you know what will happen.” Monks did know – he would be hanged. So he finally agreed. Rose and Oliver were called in to listen. “My real name is Edward Leeford,” Monks said. “I am the son of Edwin Leeford.” Edwin of course was Mr Brownlow’s old friend. “My father had been forced to marry my mother, and there was no love between them. My parents separated when I was a boy. I went to live with my mother, and my father continued to live alone.” Monks spoke angrily. His unhappy childhood had made him a lonely, angry man. He had looked for friends among the criminals in society, which was how he had met Fagin. Mr Brownlow continued the story. “After separating from his wife, Edwin met a young woman called Agnes. They fell in love, and Edwin planned to go to America with Agnes where nobody knew about his past. There they could start a new life and be happy. But then his rich uncle died in Italy and he had to go there to claim his inheritance. While he was there, he caught a fever and died.” Very pale, Rose looked at Mr Brownlow, then at Oliver. “Did Agnes have a sister?” she asked. “She did,” said Mr Brownlow. “A very young sister. You! When

Agnes discovered she was going to have a baby, she felt she had disgraced her family. She left them and gave birth to Oliver in a workhouse. The only identification she had was a gold locket with her name in it, and the wedding ring Edwin hoped to put on her finger one day. We all know what happened to the locket.” Mr Brownlow looked at Monks severely. But Rose and Oliver did not think of the lost locket, for they had found something more important. “Then Oliver is my sister’s son – my nephew!” cried Rose, getting to her feet. Oliver ran to Rose, throwing his arms around her. “To me, you will always be a sister,” he said. Monks watched in disgust. He looked at Mr Brownlow. “What else do you need to know – so I can get out of here!” “Why did you want to hide Oliver’s identity?” Mr Brownlow asked. Monks made a face. “When she heard that my father had died, my mother went to Italy. As his wife, she believed that she would get the inheritance. But she found out that he had made another will – leaving half of the money to a woman called Agnes. Mother destroyed that will, of course. Then she went and found Agnes’ family and told them that she was Edwin’s wife. They had no idea he was married. While my mother was there, she realised that Agnes was going to have a child. And this child would take my money away! She told me this and I never forgot it. I found Oliver and tried to make sure nobody ever finds out the truth about him. That’s why I destroyed the locket.” He glared at Oliver. “I wish I had killed him when I had the chance!” “It is too late for that,” said Mr Brownlow. “Now we all know the truth and you must give Oliver his half of the inheritance. Then you will go to a far away country and never bother any of us again.” Mr Brownlow’s solution was agreed upon by everybody. Oliver did not much care about the money – he had found a family! The only sad part was Nancy’s terrible murder. “They will find the man who did it,” Mr Brownlow said. And he was right. A few days later, Sikes was found hiding in a slum,

and while trying to escape through a window, he died. Fagin was also arrested and hanged for his crimes and the Artful Dodger was put in prison. A few weeks later, Harry visited Rose. She was very nervous, but she noticed that he looked very happy. “Don’t try to make me change my mind, Harry,” Rose said. “I still feel the same way as before.” Harry smiled. “I am the one who has changed his mind,” he said. “I realised that you are more important to me than anything else. So I am going to be the vicar in a small town. And if you want, I would like you to join me there.” So Harry and Rose married and they went to live in the country. Mr Brownlow adopted Oliver. They were all very happy that they had found each other. In a corner of the churchyard near the cemetery, Harry and Rose put up a white marble gravestone, with one word on it: “Agnes.” This way, her spirit finally found peace and a home near her most loved ones.

chapter 1 Comprehension
Decide if the following statements are True or False.

1. Only the very poor chose to stay in the workhouse.
2. The nurse put the locket around the baby’s neck.
3. The nurse didn’t know where the young woman came from.
4. Mrs Corney kept most of the money given by the government for herself.
5. Each boy at the orphanage had two bowls of soup every day

Choose the correct answer.

1. When the baby was born
a. he wasn’t breathing at all.
b. he started crying.
c. he was having trouble breathing.

2.Inside the ring there was
a. a first name but no last name written.
b. a last name but no first name written.
c. neither a first name nor a last name written.

3. Oliver found out that picking oakum
a. was an easy job.
b. was a very hard job.
c. was a useful trade.

4. The cook hit Oliver because
a. he said he didn’t like the food.
b. he asked for another bowl of soup.
c. he didn’t eat his soup.

5. Oliver’s plan was
a. to continue picking oakum in the workhouse.
b. to run away and work as an apprentice.
c. to run away to London.

Complete the sentences using the words in the box.
weak   starving   useful   government   miserable   ungrateful   curious

1. The Internet can be very if you’re looking for information.
2. My brother felt when we moved to a new city, because he missed his friends.
3. Barbara hadn’t eaten anything all day and she was by lunchtime.
4. She is so ! She is always asking questions about everything.
5. I don’t like people who do not appreciate what others have done for them.
6. Lauren is still very after her illness.
7. The should give some money to the poor to help them.

Find words in Chapter 1 to match the definitions below. The first letter has been given for you .

1. not bright in colour, almost white p (page 4)
2. something you take to cure an illness m (page 4)
3. a large deep spoon for serving soup l (page 7)
4. a minor event, a happening i (page 7)
5. the part of a building which is under the ground b (page 7)

Follow-up activities

1. What do you think of Mrs Corney’s attitude towards Oliver?
2. What do you think about life in a workhouse back in 1830? Is there anything like that today?
3. Oliver had to work hard picking oakum in the workhouse. Do children have to work nowadays? If yes, on what occasions?
4. Do you think Oliver will be able to carry out his plan? Why? / Why not?

Imagine you are Oliver keeping a diary. Make a diary with all the notes you have made concerning the last few days of your life in the workhouse. (60-80 words)
chapter 2 Comprehension
Answer the following questions.

1. How did Oliver spend his first night away from the workhouse?

2. How did Oliver feel after seven days of walking?

3. What did Fagin look like?

4. What did Oliver think when he saw the pile of purses on the table in Fagin’s place?

5. What did the old man at the bookstall do when he realised that his purse was missing?

Match 1-5 with a-e to make sentences. Write a-e in the boxes.
1. With his penny, Oliver a. steal from people in the street.
2. Fagin had trained the Dodger how to b. stole the old gentleman’s purse.
3. At the bookstall, the Dodger c. found a place to stay, but also got into a lot of trouble.
4. The words ‘Plummy and slam’ d. bought some bread.
5. With Fagin and the Dodger, Oliver e. were some kind of secret code for Fagin and his friends.
Match the two columns to make expressions.
1. earn a. to time
2. take b. under a roof
3. look c. one’s own living
4. have d. no notice
5. sleep e. no idea
6. from time f. like
Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the words in capitals.

1. Mr Jones is one of the most RESPECT men in our neighbourhood.
2. Mario got bored listening to his travelling COMPANY talking throughout the journey.
3. The students watched in AMAZE their two classmates beating each other.
4. He was watching TV when he SUDDEN heard a strange noise in the garden.
5. Janet was SHOCK when she heard the bad news.
6. The burglar managed to get out of the house SEE .
7. Stewart is a very hard WORK so his boss gave him a raise this year.
8. It rained all night and all the streets are MUD .

Follow-up activities

1. Judging from what has happened so far, do you think that Oliver’s decision to leave the workhouse was right? Why / Why not?
2. What do you think Fagin and the Dodger want Oliver for?
3. How do you feel about thieves and pickpockets?
4. What do you think will happen to Oliver?

Imagine you are the old gentleman whose purse got stolen. Make a report to the police giving a detailed description of the boy who you think stole the purse and explaining what exactly happened. (60-80 words)
chapter 3 Comprehension
Read Chapter 3 and match the two halves of the sentences.
1. The people in the street a. took Oliver to the police magistrate
2. The policeman b. knew who the thief was.
3. Mr Brownlow c. chased Oliver.
4. The woman in the portrait d. wanted to take care of Oliver.
5. The owner of the bookstall e. looked a lot like Oliver.
Put the following events in the order which they happened. Write 1-5 in the boxes.

Oliver was arrested and taken to the police station.
A woman kidnapped Oliver and took him back to Fagin’s house.
The police magistrate set Oliver free and Mr Brownlow took him into his home.
The people in the street thought Oliver had stolen Mr Brownlow’s purse.
Oliver recovered from his illness and went out one day.

Choose a, b, or c to complete the sentences below.

1. John had never met Diana before, but she looked very __________ .
a. comfortable b. familiar c. guilty

2. When he heard the bad news, Barry __________ .
a. entered b. wondered c. fainted

3. “Did you __________ the crime, sir?”asked the judge.
a. do b. commit c. ignore

4. The doctor __________ the sick boy’s bed to examine him.
a. rushed in b. knocked down c. bent over

5. In the past twenty years, Mr Davis has more than 50 paintings.
a. collected b. contained c. added

6. The girl looked at me with a sad on her face.
a. portrait b. expression c. voice

7. My little brother is very and is always getting into trouble.
a. useful b. naughty c. loving

Find words in Chapter 3 which mean the same as:

1. running after (page 12)
2. lost consciousness (page 12)
3. not working any more because of age (page 12)
4. a group of twelve people or things (page 14)
5. said yes (page 14)
6. came nearer (page 14)

Follow-up activities

1. Who was to blame for Oliver’s arrest?
2. What do you think of Mr Brownlow’s attitude towards Oliver? Did he do the right thing?
3. By the end of the chapter, Oliver is back with Fagin and the Dodger. Why did they want him back?
4. What will Oliver do now?

Imagine that you are Mr Brownlow. A whole day has passed since Oliver left your house. Make a “Missing Person” poster asking for information about the boy. (60-80 words)
chapter 4 Comprehension
Complete the sentences with the correct name.
Fagin   Oliver   Sikes   Nancy  

1. was very good at telling lies to people.
2. wanted to take the books back to Mr Brownlow.
3. tried to be friendly towards .
4. was in a very bad mood.
5. felt bad about ’s troubles and wanted to protect him.
6. and planned to steal a gold plate from a house.
7. suggested they should use to break into the house.

Complete the summary of Chapter 4 with words or short phrases.

Nancy Oliver and brought him back to Fagin. Oliver was upset because he realised he was and wouldn’t be able to for Mr Brownlow. Then, Bill Sikes with his entered the house. He was a and started discussing a with Fagin. When Oliver realised that he was going to be used for the job, he and ran to the door but he was stopped by Sikes’ dog. Nancy tried to Oliver from Sikes. She his club and didn’t let Sikes Oliver. Oliver now knew that he didn’t have to escape.

Complete the sentences using the prepositions in the box.
into   up   in   for   at   to   of   with

1. Let go my arm! You are hurting me.
2. The burglars used a trained dog to break the house.
3. Helen is really good painting. I think she’s going to be a painter when she grows up.
4. If your mum finds the house in such a mess, you’ll be trouble.
5. There are still some problems I have to deal in my new neighbourhood.
6. What are you pointing ? I can’t see very clearly 7. When I heard the big bang I got my feet and ran out of the house to see what it was.
8. When she heard the shocking news, she burst tears.
9. Will you pick that pencil , please?
10. I really feel sorry homeless people.

Complete the crossword.

1. A person working in another person’s house
2. Seize, violently take hold of something
3. Hit something very hard
so that it makes a noise 4. To do what you are told
5. A heavy stick with one
end thicker than the other 6. A try, an attempt
7. A person entering a house illegally
8. Unlucky
9. Valuable

3 4
5 6
Follow-up activities

1. Why do you think Nancy’s attitude towards Oliver changed?
2. What can be done to prevent crime?
3. Do you think that Oliver will be able to escape and meet Mr Brownlow again?

Imagine that you are Oliver, kept prisoner in Fagin’s house. Write a letter to Mr Brownlow, explaining the situation and asking for his help. (60-80 words)
chapter 5 Comprehension
Complete the summary of Chapter 5 with the sentences a - e.
a. She was Mrs Corney who had only bad things to say about the boy.
b. Oliver had been shot.
c. She was the fiancée of an old friend who had died in Italy.
d. Along with Oliver, they arrived at the house that was their target.
e. Mr Brownlow believed that Oliver was the solution to this mystery, so he decided to put up a poster asking for information about the missing boy

Back home, Mr Brownlow kept wondering about Oliver. He had noticed that Oliver looked a lot like the woman in the painting. (1) . After his death she disappeared and what had happened to her was a mystery. (2) . One day a woman showed up with information about Oliver. (3) . Mr Brownlow was upset because he expected to hear a different story. Meanwhile, Sikes had put his plan for the burglary in action. (4) . Oliver hesitated, but he did as he was told. When he was in the house, there was a sudden flash and a crash. (5) . Sikes tried to carry him away but dropped him in a ditch when he saw two men chasing him.

Answer the following questions.

1. Why did Edwin Leeford go to Italy?

2. How did Leeford die?

3. How much money did Mr Brownlow give Mrs Corney for the information she gave him?

4. How did Oliver feel when they arrived at the house that was their target?

5. Ηοw did Sikes persuade Oliver to go on with the burglary?

Choose the correct word to complete the following sentences.

1. Katherine whispered / trembled as she spoke because the baby was asleep. 2. John wrapped / hesitated at the door of the plane before jumping out. 3. John is very rude / disappointed , that’s why nobody likes him. 4. Mr Brown always keeps his gardening lantern / tools in a wooden box. 5. I had a strange feeling / shot that something bad was going to happen on that day. 6. The missing boy’s parents decided to give a(n) inheritance / reward to anyone who might have useful information.

Match the two columns to make expressions.
1. lost a. good care
2. take b. . in thought
3. lose c. a fever
4. get d. consciousness
5. do e. in love
6. long f. ago
7. catch g. to work
8. fall h. one’s best
Follow-up activities

1. What do you think happened to Leeford’s fiancée? Do you think she is connected to Oliver somehow?
2. Why did Mrs Corney give information about Oliver?
3. Why do you think the burglary didn’t go as planned?
4. What do you think will happen to Oliver? Will he escape danger/get well again?

Imagine that Mrs Corney is giving Mr Brownlow information about Oliver. Write an imaginary dialogue between the two of them. Discuss Oliver’s behaviour while he was at the workhouse and the people’s feelings towards him. (80-100 words)
chapter 6 Comprehension
Choose a, b, or c to complete the following sentences.

1. When Oliver realised that the house he went to for help was the one he had broken into,
a. he collapsed.
b. he ran away.
c. he went forward and knocked on the door.

2. The people inside the house
a. were having breakfast in the kitchen.
b. were still awake since the previous night.
c. were still sleeping.

3. Rose was
a. an orphan Mrs Maylie had adopted.
b. a servant in Mrs Maylie’s house.
c. Mrs Maylie’s beautiful daughter.

4. The people in the house decided to
a. call the police and tell them about Oliver.
b. take Oliver in and take care of him.
c. take Oliver in and then call a policeman.

5. When Oliver told Mrs Maylie his story
a. she believed him.
b. she didn’t believe him.
c. she asked Rose what she thought.

Match the two halves to make true sentences.
1. When Oliver first tried to get up from the ditch a. that the boy would be well protected in their house.
2. When Oliver showed up at the Maylie house b. and had also caught a fever from lying in the rain.
3. Mrs Maylie promised Rose c. he wasn’t feeling well and fell back down.
4. Oliver had a broken arm d. made him think less and less of his old troubles.
5. The happiness and love Oliver found with the Maylies e. the people realised he was with the burglars.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in the box.
adopt   collapse   harm   protect   raise   force   sigh   agree

1. My aunt and uncle had no kids of their own, so they decided to one. 2. When she heard the terrible news, she . 3. Frank himself not to scream when he saw the snake in his room. 4. Car fumes the environment. 5. Stacey with relief when she realised that she had passed her test. 6. Tina’s parents were away on business most of the time, so she was practically by her grandparents. 7. It’s a fine day today, don’t you ? 8. An effort should be made to endangered species.

Find the opposites of the following words in Chapter 6.

1. asleep (page 24)
2. young (page 24)
3. healthy (page 24)
4. strong (page 24)
5. inside (page 26)
6. sad (page 26)
7. unhappiness (page 26)
8. hatred (page 26)

Follow-up activities

1. How do you feel about adoption? Would you ever consider adopting a child?
2. What kind of life do you think children who have no one to love and protect them lead?
3. What makes Rose so affectionate towards Oliver?
4. Do you think Oliver has finally found peace in his life or will something happen to change all that?

Imagine you are Oliver. Briefly tell Rose and Mrs Maylie your story about the workhouse, the thieves, Mr Brownlow and the robbery. (80-100 words)
chapter 7 Comprehension
Decide if the following sentences are True or False. Write T or F in the boxes.

1. Nancy knew where Bill Sikes was the previous night.
2. Nancy knew why Oliver was worth a lot to Fagin.
3. Nancy followed Fagin to find out what his secret was.
4. When Fagin arrived home there was a man waiting for him.
5. Fagin didn’t know where Oliver was last seen.
6. Monks wanted to look for Oliver himself.
7. Monks thought the shadow on the wall was all his imagination.

Put the following events in the order which they happened. Write 1-5 in the boxes.

Nancy went after Fagin to find out his secret.
Fagin explained to Monks why Oliver was different from other boys.
Fagin went to Sikes’ house looking for him.
Monks decided to search for Oliver himself.
Monks was waiting for Fagin at his house.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in capitals.

1. Everything happened very SUDDEN and we didn’t have time to react.
2. It was POSSIBLE for her to remember where she had left her glasses.
3. That knife is completely USE . It can’t cut anything!
4. Tell Peter to come to my office IMMEDIATE .
5. When the ambulance arrived, the man was already DIE . 6. There have been a number of BURGLAR in my area recently.

Read the definitions below and find the words in Chapter 7.

1. remember sth/sb because sth/sb else makes you think of it (page 28)
2. bad, mean (page 28)
3. sth that is not to be revealed (page 28)
4. confused (page 30)
5. to form a picture in one’s mind of what sth/sb might be like (page 30)

Follow-up activities

1. Why do you think Oliver is worth hundreds of pounds to Fagin? What can his secret be?
2. Who do you think Monks is? What is his relationship with Fagin? Why is he so interested in Oliver?
3. Nancy seems to be a nice person. How do you think she got involved with someone like Fagin or Sikes?
4. Do you think that Monks will find Oliver? What will he do then?

Imagine that Oliver Twist has been made into a TV series. After watching Episode 7, write a short review presenting it for a TV guide. (80-100 words)
chapter 8 Comprehension
Read the sentences and find the words. Then write them in the spaces provided. The word in the blue boxes is an item connected with Monks’ secret.

1. The city where Harry, Mrs Maylie’s son, lived.
2. Oliver had just taken a letter there, when he bumped into Monks.
3. Monks and Mrs Corney had an appointment in this old building.
4. Monks was wearing this long black item of clothing when Oliver met him.
5. Rose caught this and fell very ill.
6. Monks threw something in the river through this.

Complete Monks’ diary with a word or a short phrase.

Dear Diary,
Yesterday, I spent all day looking for that cursed (1) . Of course, since the day (2) gave me the gold (3) in the old (4) , my secret is safe, but still, I must find the boy. And I had found him! I was near the (5) of a town near London, where Fagin said the boy was last seen. (6) , the little monster (7) me! I walked towards him, threatening to (8) him. He looked (9) . Unfortunately though, I (10) a fit and he managed to (11) .

Choose a, b or c to complete the following sentences.

I am really __________ about my son’s behaviour . He has been acting very strangely lately!
a. paradise b. thunder c. neighbourhood

2. Joanna is a new girl in our __________
a. canoe b. steamboat c. current

3. She __________ the letter from Tim’s hand and started reading it immediately.
a. hid b. reached c. seized

4. The students were __________ by their teacher for doing so well in the exam.
a. confessed b. praised c. survived

5. Don’t forget your __________ with the dentist tomorrow!
a. address b. trapdoor c. appointment

6. Peter __________ an old friend of his yesterday.
a. ran into b. went down c. pulled out

7. The boy jumped into the river __________ to rescue his drowning friend.
a. without delay b. accidentally c. instead

Complete the following sentences using the prepositions in the box.
for   to   in   off   on

1. We’ve got a lot to do , so let’s get down business immediately.
2. Could we talk about this later? I am a hurry.
3. Kathy knocked the door but there was no answer.
4. They always go a walk after lunch.
5. We set early in the morning to avoid traffic.
6. Whenever Mark gets really angry, he falls down a fit.
7. There is a cinema complex close my house.

Follow-up activities

1. What do you think the relationship between Oliver and Monks is? What is Monks’ secret?
2. Why do you think Monks dropped the gold locket into the water?
3. Who do you think the strange man that Oliver ran into was? Why did he threaten Oliver?
4. In your opinion, is Oliver still in danger? Why? / Why not?

Imagine that you are Mrs Maylie. Write a letter to your son Harry in London, giving him the latest news on Rose’s illness and asking him to come visit you at once. (80-100 words)
chapter 9 Comprehension
Complete the sentences using the names in the box.
Mrs Maylie   Rose’s sister   Rose   Harry Maylie   Rose’s father   Oliver

1. was involved in politics.
2. had always wanted to tell that he loved her.
3. believed that would regret marrying .
4. fell in love with a man who lived in the country.
5. died thinking his daughter had killed herself.
6. still wanted to find Mr Brownlow.
7. and set off for London together.

Answer the following questions.

1. What did people usually think of Harry?

2. Why had Harry put off telling Rose how he felt about her?

3. Why does Mrs Maylie believe Harry will regret marrying Rose?

4. Why did Rose tell Harry she couldn’t marry him?

5. What happened to Rose’s sister?

6. Why does Oliver want to go to London?

Complete the crossword.

4. Somebody who is involved in politics
8. A man who is engaged to a woman
9. In or to a foreign country Down
1. Great happiness
2. A lucky thing that happens which you did not expect or believe could happen
3. Sad, not happy
5. Behaviour or an event that people think is wrong or immoral and causes shock or anger
6. The woman that a man is married to
7. A child whose parents have died

1 2 3
6 7
Match the two halves to make expressions.
1. put sth a. one’s heart
2. change b. in love
3. break c. worse
4. get along d. one’s mind
5. make things e. emotion
6. fall f. into words
7. filled with g. with sb
Follow-up activities

1. Why do you think the slaves and the Phelps family live in different parts of the plantation?
2. Aunt Sally was excited to see Huck / Tom. Do you have cousins or uncles and aunts who live a long way from you? How often do you see them? What do you do together?
3. Tom and Huck did not tell Aunt Sally the truth. Were they right to do that? In what situations is it OK to tell a lie?
4. Do you think the boys’ plan to help Jim will work?

Huck and Tom Sawyer write a short letter to Jim, informing him about their plan to rescue him. (60-80 words)
chapter 10 Comprehension
Complete the summary of Chapter 10 with the sentences a-e.
a. It was a gold locket that belonged to Oliver’s mother.
b. He had found Mr Brownlow again.
c. Back home, she put a drug in Sikes’ drink and left.
d. Nancy was touched by the way Rose talked to her.
e. Nancy told her where she could be found and got ready to leave.

At Fagin’s house, Nancy overheard his discussion with Monks about Oliver. (1) . She headed for a hotel and she asked for Rose. (2) . So, she told Rose what she knew; that Monks was Oliver’s brother and that Oliver was by no means a poor orphan. However, Monks had destroyed the only proof of Oliver’s identity. (3) . Rose was confused by the information and asked Nancy to come and see her again. (4) . She kindly refused Rose’s invitation to stay there with her, and ran back home. The next morning Oliver rushed to Rose’s room very excited. (5) .

What do the bold words refer to?

1. They were talking about Oliver! (page 41)

2. On her way there, she had thought of a plan. (page 41)

3. Tell her I must speak to her alone. (page 41)

4. This was a gold locket that belonged to Oliver’s mother. (page 42)

5. I am glad you told me this. (page 42)

6. “I saw him!” he said, out of breath. (page 42)

Choose the correct word to complete the following sentences.

1. Wealthy / Shabby people usually stay in luxurious hotels while on holiday.
2. I tried to persuade / ignore her to come to the cinema with us but she was not in the mood.
3. There is no identity / proof that he committed the crime.
4. After her divorce, she thought that her life was paused / ruined.
5. I was really touched / excited by her kindness.
6. Did Mr Samson greet / mention anything about tonight’s meeting?
7. He is a nice man and always treats everybody privately / respectfully.

Find words in Chapter 10 which mean the opposite of:

1. put on (page 41)
2. in public (page 41)
3. poor (page 41)
4. tidy (page 41)
5. rudeness (page 42)
6. lie (page 42)
7. in danger (page 42)
8. sad (page 42)

Follow-up activities

1. What do you think the mystery surrounding Oliver’s true identity is? Why did Monks want to hide it?
2. Why does Nancy still consider these horrible people her family?
3. What do you think Rose will do now that she has all that information?

Imagine you are Nancy overhearing Monks and Fagin talking. Taking into consideration the information Nancy gave Rose, make a dialogue of what they probably said. (60-80 words)
chapter 11 Comprehension
Read the following sentences and decide if they are True or False. Write "t" or "f" in the boxes.

1. Both Oliver and Rose went to talk to Mr Brownlow.
2. Mr Brownlow knew exactly what Rose was talking about.
3. Mr Brownlow arranged to go with Rose to meet Nancy.
4. Fagin sent one of his boys after Nancy.
5. Nancy wanted all the thieves to be arrested.
6. Fagin hated Nancy for what she had done.
7. Sikes shot Nancy in the face.

Match the two halves to make true sentences.
1. What Rose told Mr Brownlow a. that he knew Monks by another name.
2. Mr Brownlow said b. promised not to harm the other thieves.
3. Fagin realised c. about Nancy’s betrayal by Fagin.
4. Rose and Mr Brownlow d. confirmed his suspicions about Oliver’s past.
5. Sikes was informed e. that Nancy was planning something.
Find words/phrases in Chapter 11 which:

1. show Nancy’s feelings before the meeting on the bridge (page 44)

2. show Nancy’s feelings for the thieves (page 46)

3. show Sikes’ violent behaviour towards Nancy (page 46)

Complete the following sentences using the words in the box.
suspicions   shadows   anger   mercy   password   grab
promised   confirm   described   betray

1. You need a to open this file.
2. I’m calling to a reservation for two I have made for tonight.
3. Laura her mother not to stay up late.
4. He didn’t mean what he said. He said it in a moment of .
5. The eye witness the thief to the police.
6. His were confirmed when he saw the mouse eating the cheese.
7. Don’t my arm so hard. It really hurts.
8. The criminal asked for in court.
9. He took money from the enemy to his own country.
10. Late in the afternoon, the are longer.

Follow-up activities

1. What do you think Mr Brownlow’s suspicions about Oliver’s past were?
2. Where do you think Mr Brownlow knows Monks from? Why does Monks use a false name?
3. How do you think Mr Brownlow and Rose will use the information they got?
4. What do you think of Sikes’ behaviour towards Nancy?

Imagine you are the boy following Nancy to London Bridge. Give Fagin a detailed description of everything you witnessed. (80 - 100 words)
chapter 12 Comprehension
Choose a, b or c to complete the following sentences.

1. Monks was
a. Leeford’s friend.
b. Leeford’s father.
c. Leeford’s son.

2. Leeford went to Italy
a. to start a new life.
b. to claim an inheritance.
c. to meet his rich uncle.

3. Monks’ mother told Agnes’ family
a. that Edwin was already married.
b. that she had found Edwin’s second will.
c. that Agnes was going to have a child.

4. Fagin
a. was found dead in a slum.
b. was hanged for his crimes.
c. was put in prison.

5. Harry Maylie
a. became a successful politician.
b. no longer wanted to marry Rose.
c. became a vicar in a small town.

Put the following events in chronological order. Write 1-9 in the boxes.

Edwin and his first wife separated.
Monks’ mother found out about Agnes from Edwin’s will.
Agnes ran away and gave birth to Oliver in a workhouse.
Edwin Leeford had an unhappy marriage to Monks’ mother.
Edwin met Agnes and they fell in love.
Agnes’ family found out that Edwin Leeford was married.
Monks found Oliver and tried to destroy everything that would lead to his identification.
Edwin died in Italy, where he had gone to claim an inheritance.
Monks’ mother destroyed Edwin’s will because she wanted all the money

Choose a, b or c to complete the following sentences.

1. The students __________ when the teacher told them that their day trip had been cancelled.
a. destroyed b. protested c. separated

2. A three-year old boy was __________ from the park yesterday.
a. adopted b. arrested c. kidnapped

3. He is poor and can’t afford to live anywhere else than a __________ .
a. slum b. society c. gravestone

4. Alan is not and is not __________ to be trusted.
a. dreadful b. responsible c. loved

5. According to his __________ , all his money will be given to his son.
a. will b. spirit c. identification

6. Don’t __________ me now. I am trying to do my homework.
a. disgrace b. join c. bother

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the words in capitals.

1. She was PART to blame for the car accident.
2. Our CHILD years are the best of our lives.
3. Last week Mary gave BEAR to an adorable baby girl.
4. Do you know if Peter is MARRY or single?
5. None of the students could find the SOLVE to the maths problem.

Follow-up activities

1. Why did Monks turn into a lonely, angry man looking for friends among criminals?
2. Do you think that people can do anything for money? What role does money play in your life?
3. What things do you consider important in life?
4. What do you think of the punishment imposed on the thieves? Did they deserve it?

Write two or three paragraphs describing what you think Oliver’s life will be like from now on. (80-100 words)